1.1.2. Movement атомобиля


Fig. 1 — 2. Scheme of gear shifting

The movement of the car is recommended to be begun on the heated-up engine. If you have no such opportunity and you carry out warming up of the engine at the movement of the car, then at a low temperature of air and after the long parking some time on the lowest transfers with a low frequency of rotation of a bent shaft of the engine is recommended to move. In process of warming up of oil in the transmission and the back bridge consistently you pass to the highest transfers. The scheme of gear shifting is shown in fig. 1 — 2.
During the movement do not exceed even on descent of the most admissible speeds of the movement designated on a spidemetra by red tags near figures 40, 60 and 100 corresponding of the 1st, 2nd and Z-y to transfers.
During the movement you monitor work of various knots on the corresponding devices and control lamps. In normal conditions all lamps of red color should not burn. Their inclusion signals about need of check of the corresponding knot.
After overcoming fords, and also after a wash of the car or at long movement along the wet road when water gets to brake mechanisms of wheels, make several smooth braking of the car at the movement to dry disks, drums and brake slips.
At the movement on pools reduce speed in order to avoid hydroplaning which can cause a drift or loss of management. Worn-out tires increase such danger.
Whenever possible you drive the car at moderate speeds. Sharp accelerations and delays, the movement of the car at the increased speeds result in bystry wear of tires and an excessive consumption of fuel. Fuel consumption also increases with an insufficient pressure of air in tires, at the worn-out or polluted spark plugs, at the wrong adjustment of system of idling of the carburetor.
Fuel consumption and wear of tires increases also when towing the trailer. Besides, when towing the trailer loads of a body, the engine and transmission increase that reduces their resource.