1.2. Maintenance of the car


Fig. 1 — 5. Scheme of lubricant

Fig. 1 — 6. Scheme of cleaning,
checks and adjustments

In use the car there is a deterioration in its technical condition owing to wear of the rubbing surfaces of details, violations of adjusting parameters, aging of rubber products and other phenomena. For the prevention of malfunctions and increase in service life of the car it is exposed to scheduled preventive maintenance which includes lubricant, check and adjustment of knots of the car through a certain run. Frequency of maintenance and the name of works are given in tables 1 — 1 and 1—2 (fig. 1 — 5, 1—6).

The instruction to the lubrication system Table 1-1
Poses. in fig. 1 — 5
Name
List of works


Through each 500 km
1
Engine case
To check the level of oil and if necessary to add


Through each 10000 km
2
Engine case
To replace oil
3
Body
1. To grease loops of doors, draft of the drive of the lock of a cowl
2. To grease the rubbing parts of the limiter of opening of doors, the hinge and a spring of a cover of the hatch fuel
tank, trunk lid torsions
3. To grease a sled of movement of seats
4. To grease keyholes of doors and a trunk lid
5. To grease an axis, a spring and a cracker of a clamp of the lock of a door
4
Case of the back bridge
To check the level of oil and if necessary to add
To check whether there are no oil dribbles
5
Transmission case
To check the level of oil and if necessary to add
To check whether there are no oil dribbles


Through each 20000 km
6
Naves of forward wheels
To replace lubricant in bearings
7
Rechargeable battery
To grease plugs and clips
8
Ignition distributor
To fill in 2-3 drops of oil in a butterdish opening


Through each 30000 km
9
Flange of the forward driveshaft
To grease shlitsevy connection


Through each 40000 km
10
Starter
1. To grease screw vents of a shaft, the plug of covers and a gear wheel of inclusion
2. To grease a flood ring of the drive


Through each 60000 km
11
Case of the back bridge
To replace oil
12
Transmission case
To replace oil
13
Case of the steering mechanism
To check the level of oil and if necessary to add
To check whether there are no oil dribbles

The instruction to the scheme of cleaning, check and adjustment Table 1-2
Poses. in fig. 1 — 6
Name
List of works


Through each 500 km
1
Wheels
To check and adjust air pressure in tires


Through each 2500 km
2
Rechargeable battery
To check and restore electrolyte level


Through each 10000 km
3
Electric equipment
To check operation of the generator, lighting, the light alarm system and control devices
4
Rechargeable battery
To check degree of state of charge of the battery and if necessary to recharge
5
Generator drive belt
To adjust a tension
6
Naves of forward wheels
To check and adjust gaps in bearings
7
Forward suspension bracket
To check a condition of levers, spherical support, hinges of steering drafts, protective rubber covers and caps, arms of buffers of compression
8
Brakes of forward wheels
To check a condition of brake slips. In need of a block to replace
9
Carburetor
To wash out and blow the fuel filter. To check operation of the economizer of idling and devices of electropneumatics
10
Air filter
To check work of a temperature regulator of the air filter
11
Body
To clean drainage openings of thresholds, doors and cavities of forward wings.
To check and if necessary to adjust operation of locks of doors
12
Ignition distributor
To check and if necessary to smooth out contacts of the breaker. To adjust a gap between contacts.
To check and adjust installation of the moment of ignition
13
Fuel pump
To wash out and blow the filter
14
Oil filter
To replace
15
Wheels
To check balancing of wheels. To rearrange wheels according to the scheme.
To check and if necessary to adjust the angles of installation of forward wheels
16
Cooling system
To check and restore the level of cooling liquid in a broad tank.
To check whether there are no liquid dribbles
17
Flexible hoses of brakes
To check a state and if necessary to replace
18
System of a hydraulic actuator of coupling
To check and restore liquid level in a tank. To check whether there are no liquid dribbles
19
System of a hydraulic actuator of brakes
To check and restore liquid level in a tank. To check whether there are no liquid dribbles.
To check work of a signaling device of level
20
Spark plugs
To clear of a deposit and to adjust a gap between electrodes
21
Engine
To check and adjust gaps in the mechanism of the drive of valves. To adjust idling turns
22
Steering
To check and if necessary to adjust a free wheeling of a steering wheel


Through each 20000 km
23
System of ventilation of a case of the engine
To clear and wash out hoses and a flame arrester. To check a condition of hoses, covers of a sapun and fasteners
24
Coupling
To check and if necessary to adjust a free wheeling of a pedal of coupling
25
Fastening details
To check and if necessary to tighten fastenings of all units, knots and details of the chassis and engine
26
Headlights
To check and adjust passing beam
27
Rechargeable battery
To smooth out plugs and clips
28
Thermostat and hoses of the cooling system
To check serviceability of work. To check a condition of hoses and connections
29
Carburetor
To wash out and blow carburetor details. To check fuel level in the float-operated camera
30
Air filter
To replace the filtering element
31
Brakes of back wheels and parking
To check a condition of slips and in need of a block to replace.
To check and adjust the course of the lever of the parking brake and a free wheeling of a pedal of a brake


Through each 30000 km
32
Stabilizer of cross stability
To check a condition of rubber pillows
33
Hydraulic shock-absorbers
To check working capacity and a condition of rubber plugs
34
Pressure regulator
To check working capacity
35
Vacuum amplifier
To check working capacity
36
Spark plugs
To replace
37
Engine
To wash out the lubrication system


Through each 40000 km
38
Starter
To smooth out a collector. To check wear and a prileganiye of brushes. In need of a brush to replace


Through each 60000 km
39
Generator
To smooth out contact rings. To check wear and a prileganiye of brushes. In need of a brush to replace
40
Cooling system
To replace cooling liquid


Regularly through each 500–600 km of a run (or before each departure) check oil levels in a case of the engine, cooling liquid in a broad tank, brake fluid in a tank of the main brake cylinder, electrolyte in the rechargeable battery, and also air pressure in tires.
Oil level in a case of the engine needs to be checked on the cold idle engine. Level has to be between risks "MIN" and "MOVE" of the index.
Replacement of oil is made on the warm engine. For discharge of the fulfilled oil it is necessary to turn off a stopper in the case pallet.
The oil filter is changed, having turned off it from the block of cylinders. Before installation of a new oil filter its sealing ring is oiled engine. The new filter is wrapped to a contact of a sealing ring of the block of cylinders, and then by effort of hands dovorachivat it on 3/4
turn.
Level of brake fluid at the established cover and new overlays of brake mechanisms has to reach the lower edge of a jellied mouth.
Level of cooling liquid in a broad tank has to be always 3-4 cm higher risks of "MIN". You carry out check of level and opening of a stopper of a tank for a dolivka of liquid only on the cold engine. After a liquid dolivka the stopper of a tank has to be densely wrapped as the broad tank at the working and heated-up engine is under pressure.
As a last resort it is possible to add clear water to the cooling system. But at the same time temperature of freezing of mix increases and corrosion resistance of an aluminum radiator decreases. Therefore at the first opportunity it is necessary to execute repair of system and to fill in in it cooling liquid.
Check of level and density of electrolyte in the rechargeable battery is described in the subsection "Rechargeable battery".
Air pressure in tires, including a spare wheel, is checked by the manometer. We recommend to check periodically the manometer at the enterprise of maintenance.
If continuous pressure drop of air in the tire is observed, check by means of soap solution whether there is no leak of air through a gate zolotnik. In case of leak of air tighten a zolotnik a key on the end of a cap and if it does not help, replace it new.
If pressure falls at a serviceable zolotnik, then repair the tire, using the special sealant enclosed to the car.
Not to break balancing of a wheel, before a razbortovka make a mark chalk on the tire against the gate, and at installation install the tire on this tag.
To avoid damages of the pressurizing tire zakraina layer, dismantle and it you install by means of special adaptation or on the tire machine in repair shop.
After installation of new tires surely balance wheels at the enterprise of maintenance.
At operation of the car with tubeless tires avoid grinding of wheels to borders of roads and bystry driving on roads with the broken covering (hollows, potholes, etc.) as damage of a rim of a wheel can cause loss of tightness of the tire and an imbalance of a wheel.
At emergence during the movement of vibrations it is necessary to check balancing of wheels.