6.1.3. Possible malfunctions of steering, their reason and methods of elimination

Cause of defect
Elimination method
The increased free wheeling of a steering wheel
1. Weakening of bolts of fastening of the steering mechanism
1. Tighten nuts
2. Weakening of nuts of spherical fingers of steering drafts
2. Check and tighten nuts
3. The increased gap in spherical hinges of steering drafts
3. Replace tips or steering drafts
4. The increased gap in bearings of naves of forward wheels
4. Adjust a gap
5. The increased gap in gearing of a roller with a worm
5. Adjust a gap
6. Too big gap between an axis of the pendular lever
and plugs
6. Replace plugs or an arm assembled
7. The increased gap in bearings of a worm
7. Adjust a gap
Hard rotation of a steering wheel
1. Deformation of details of the steering drive
1. Replace the deformed details
2. Wrong installation of corners of forward wheels
2. Check the angles of installation of wheels and adjust
3. The gap in gearing of a roller with a worm is broken
3. Adjust a gap
4. The adjusting nut of an axis of the pendular lever is drawn
4. Adjust tightening of a nut
5. Low pressure in tires of forward wheels
5. Establish normal pressure
6. Damage of details of spherical hinges
6. Check and replace the damaged details
7. There is no oil in a case of the steering mechanism
7. Check and add. If necessary replace an epiploon
8. Damage of bearings of the top shaft of steering
8. Replace bearings
Noise (knocks) in steering
1. The increased gap in bearings of naves of forward wheels
1. Adjust a gap
2. Weakening of nuts of spherical fingers of steering drafts
2. Check and tighten nuts
3. The increased gap between an axis of the pendular lever and
plugs
3. Replace plugs or an arm assembled
4. The adjusting nut of an axis of the pendular lever is weakened
4. Adjust tightening of a nut
5. The gap in gearing of a roller with a worm or in bearings of a worm is broken
5. Adjust a gap
6. The increased gap in spherical hinges of steering drafts
6. Replace tips or steering drafts
7. Weakening of bolts of fastening of the steering mechanism or arm of the pendular lever
7. Check and tighten nuts of bolts
8. Weakening of nuts of fastening of rotary levers
8. Tighten nuts
9. Weakening of bolts of fastening of an intermediate shaft of steering
9. Tighten nuts of bolts
Self-excited angular fluctuation of forward wheels
1. Pressure in tires does not meet standard
1. Check and establish normal pressure
2. The angles of installation of forward wheels are broken
2. Check and adjust the angles of installation of wheels
3. The increased gap in bearings of naves of forward wheels
3. Adjust a gap
4. Imbalance of wheels
4. Balance wheels
5. Weakening of nuts of spherical fingers of steering drafts
5. Check and tighten nuts
6. Weakening of bolts of fastening of the steering mechanism or
arm of the pendular lever
6. Check and tighten nuts of bolts
7. The gap in gearing of a roller with a worm is broken
7. Adjust a gap
Withdrawal of the car from the rectilinear movement in any one party
1. Unequal pressure in tires
1. Check and establish normal pressure
2. The angles of installation of forward wheels are broken
2. Check and adjust the angles of installation of wheels
3. Various draft of springs of a forward suspension bracket
3. Replace unsuitable springs
4. Rotary fists or levers of a suspension bracket are deformed
4. Check fists and levers, replace unusable details
5. Incomplete disinhibition of one or several wheels
5. Check a condition of the brake system
Instability of the car
1. The angles of installation of forward wheels are broken
1. Check and adjust the angles of installation of wheels
2. The increased gap in bearings of forward wheels
2. Adjust a gap
3. Weakening of nuts of spherical fingers of steering drafts
3. Check and tighten nuts
4. Too big gap in spherical hinges of steering drafts
4. Replace tips or steering drafts
5. Weakening of bolts of fastening of the steering mechanism or
arm of the pendular lever
5. Check and tighten nuts of bolts
6. The increased gap in gearing of a roller and a worm
6. Adjust a gap
7. Rotary fists or levers of a suspension bracket are deformed
7. Check fists and levers; replace the deformed details
Leak of oil from a case
1. Wear of an epiploon of a shaft of a bipod or worm
1. Replace an epiploon
2. Weakening of the bolts fixing covers of a case of the helmsman
mechanism
2. Tighten bolts
3. Damage of sealing laying
3. Replace laying