8.4.2.3. Possible malfunctions of a starter, their reason and methods of elimination

Cause of defect
Elimination method
At inclusion of a starter the anchor does not rotate, the traction relay does not work
1. The rechargeable battery is faulty or completely discharged
1. Charge the battery or replace
2. Polar conclusions of the rechargeable battery and tips prov are strongly oxidized
vod; tips are poorly tightened
2. Clear polar conclusions and tips of wires, tighten and grease
vaseline
3. Mezhvitkovy short circuit in the involving winding of the traction relay, its short circuit on
weight or break
3. Replace the traction relay
4. Break in a power-supply circuit of the traction relay of a starter
4. Check wires and their connections in a chain between the starter plugs "50"
and ignition switch
5. Contacts "30" and "50" switches of ignition do not become isolated
5. Replace a contact part of the switch of ignition
6. Jamming of an anchor of the traction relay
6. Remove the relay, check ease of movement of an anchor
7. The relay of inclusion of a starter is faulty
7. Smooth out contacts of the relay. Replace the faulty relay
8. Break in a power-supply circuit of a winding of the relay of inclusion of a starter
8. Check wires and their connections in a chain between the plug
"50" switches of ignition and relay plug "86"
At inclusion of a starter the anchor does not rotate or rotates too slowly, the traction relay works
1. The rechargeable battery is faulty or discharged
1. Charge the battery or replace
2. Polar conclusions of the rechargeable battery and tips of wires are oxidized;
tips are poorly tightened
2. Clear polar conclusions and tips of wires, tighten and grease
vaseline
3. Fastening of tips of the wire connecting the power unit about a body weakened
vy or with a conclusion "minus" the rechargeable battery
3. Tighten fastenings of tips of a wire
4. Contact bolts of the traction relay are oxidized or fastening nuts nakonechv weakened
nicknames of wires on contact bolts
4. Smooth out contact bolts, tighten nuts of fastening of wires
5. Podgoraniye of a collector, lag of brushes or their wear
5. Smooth out a collector, replace brushes
6. Break or short circuit in windings of the stator or an anchor
6. Replace the stator or an anchor
7. Short circuit of the brush holder of a "positive" brush on weight
7. Eliminate short circuit or replace a cover from a collector
At inclusion of a starter the traction relay repeatedly works and is switched-off
1. The rechargeable battery is discharged
1. Charge the battery
2. Big power failure in a power-supply circuit of the traction relay because of strong oxidation of tips of wires
2. Check wires and their connections in a chain from the rechargeable battery to the starter plug "50"
3. Break or short circuit in the holding winding of the traction relay
3. Replace the traction relay
At inclusion of a starter the anchor rotates, the flywheel does not rotate
1. Pro-slipping of the coupling of a free wheeling
1. Check a starter at the stand, replace the coupling
2. Breakage of the lever of turning on of the coupling or its vyskakivany axes
2. Replace the lever or establish into place its axis
3. Breakage of a flood ring of the coupling or buffer spring
3. Replace the coupling
Unusual noise of a starter at rotation of an anchor
1. Fastening of a starter weakened or its cover from the drive 2 is broken. The starter is fixed with a distortion 3. Excessive wear of plugs of bearings or necks of a shaft of an anchor 4. Fastening of a pole of the stator (the anchor touches a pole) 5 weakened. Teeths of a gear wheel of the drive or a rim of a flywheel 6 are damaged. The gear wheel does not leave gearing with a flywheel: - jamming of the lever of the drive; - jamming of the coupling on anchor shaft vents; - springs of the coupling or the traction relay weakened or are broken; - the lock ring came off a coupling nave; - jamming of an anchor of the traction relay; - a contact part of the switch of ignition is faulty: contacts "30" and "50" are not disconnected
1. Tighten nuts of fastening or repair a starter 2. Check fastening of a starter 3. Replace a starter 4. Tighten the screw of fastening of a pole 5. Replace the drive or a flywheel 6. Do the following: - replace the lever; - clear vents and oil them engine; - replace the coupling or the traction relay; - replace the damaged details; - replace the traction relay or eliminate jamming; - check correctness of short circuit of contacts at various provisions of a key; replace a faulty contact part